Blood disorders

Having a sustainable and healthy life is a dream of all. We all want to live a happy and healthy life but have you ever noticed how healthy you are actually having your life? The routine load, hectic routine and tough commitments leading us nowhere and at last at the end of the day what we all want is just a bed and home for sleep. During this routine cycle, we actually forget that how important it is to live a healthy life due to the tough schedule most of the times people can’t be able to find time for their monthly checkup. To not going for a checkup or eating junk in spite of having a healthy diet leads us towards health disorders.

When it comes about the health disorders, so, there is no doubt a long series of the list which is ready to discuss but among the series of them Blood disorders are one of the main and most common heath disorders issues, and it is increasing every single passing day.

So today, in this article, I try to jot down the main causes, symptoms, reasons, and facts that how and why the blood disorders are going to increase in our body and what are the ways through which we can get rid of this serious disease.

Blood disorders

What are blood disorders?

Before going to examine it in detail, I think it is essential to define that what actually is blood disorder? Basically, blood disorders have many types like patients can face blood disorders in their

  • Red blood cells
  • Blood vessels
  • Lymph nodes
  • White blood cells
  • Platelets
  • Bone marrow
  • Or even in the proteins which involved in their clotting and bleeding

What are the RED BLOOD CELLS disorders?

In red blood cells, people can face

  • The sickle cell disease
  • Anemia
  • Megaloblastic anemia which is also known as pernicious anemia
  • Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia
  • Congenital sideroblastic anemia
  • Iron-refractory or the iron deficiency anemia
  • Hemochromatosis
  • Spherocytosis
  • Hemolytic anemia
  • Hemolytic disease of the newborns
  • Thalassemia

What are the WHITE BLOOD CELLS disorders

Same like the red blood cells disorders, in white blood cells disorders people can face the diseases like

  • Cyclical neutropenia
  • Chronic granulomatous disease
  • Severe congenital neutropenia which is also known as the kostmann syndrome
  • Leukocyte adhesion deficiency
  • And the myeloperoxidase deficiency

What are the BONE MARROW failure disorders/ syndromes?

In bone marrow blood disorders case, people can suffer

  • The Fanconi anemia
  • Aplastic anemia
  • Diamond black fan anemia
  • Dyskeratosis congenital disorder
  • Thrombocytopenia absent radius disorder
  • The schwachman diamond syndrome disorder
  • Myelodysplatic syndrome

What are BLEEDING disorders?

In bleeding disorder, people may have or face

  • Hypofibrinogenemia and the dysfibrinogenemia disorder
  • The thrombocytopenia
  • The von Willebrand disease/ disorder
  • The hemophilia
  • The platelet function or functional disorder

What are THROMBOSIS and ANTICOAGULATION disorders?

In thrombosis and anticoagulation disorder patients can face

  • Factor V Leiden issue
  • Strokes
  • Thrombosis
  • The protein C deficiency
  • The protein S deficiency
  • The prothrombin gene mutation
  • The antithrombin deficiency

AUTOIMMUNE BLOOD CELL disorders

And in the case of the autoimmune blood cell disorders, patients can face

  • Evans syndrome
  • An autoimmune hemolytic anemia
  • And an immune thrombocytopenia ITP disorders

Apart from these all disorders and blood disorders disease patient can also face or suffer the erythrocytosis/ polycythemia.

What are the symptoms of blood cells disorders?

Despite all these facts, like every other disease, there are also the pre, or you can say the initial symptoms which you can examine. So if you are facing any symptoms like

  • Shortens of breath
  • Fast heart breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Chronic infections
  • An unexplained weight loss
  • Feeling unwell consistently
  • Malaise
  • Bleeding from gums
  • Bleeding from nose
  • Cuts that takes time to heal or even not heal properly
  • Sores
  • Blood which doesn’t clot after any injury or cut
  • Muscle weakness
  • Frequent infections
  • Dizziness
  • Paleness
  • Feeling difficulty to concentrate or like to remember or recall something
  • Bleeding from the gastrointestinal system
  • Bleeding from urogenital system
  • Skin that can easily bruise
  • Or something like the lack-ness of oxygenated
  • Trouble concentrating

Then this means that you have to immediately concern your family or any good doctor without having any single thought.

After this above-mentioned symptoms and diseases types, I need to elaborate a brief detail about the red blood cells and white blood cells disorders through which you can at least aware yourself and take an active or serious note for the medication without any asking.

Blood disorders

Red blood cells disorders

Anemia disorder

When it comes about anemia, so this type of blood disorder happens when you are having a deficiency of iron in your body. Just for the sake of awareness, our body demands iron as it needs to produce the hemoglobin which basically helps our bodies’ red blood cells to contain oxygen from our lungs and the rest of our body.

So now I think you can easily understand that what if our body faces the iron deficiency. To continue this, there are like some other types of anemia some of the most frequent and generally happen are as under jotted down.

Iron deficiency

As I said above that one of the major cause of red blood cells disorders are iron deficiencies. Most of the types taking the iron supplementary is enough to fight for this disorder

Pernicious anemia

This happens when our body is unable to absorb enough amount of vitamin B-12. The word pernicious actually means dangerous so for the cure of this disease doctor recommend the B 12 injections.

Aplastic anemia

This disorder happens when your body especially your bone marrow actually stops to making the new blood cells. The initial or like slowly you start to feel tired and won’t be able to fight any disease. It’s like a slow illness which can happen at any age.

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia

In this disease, it actually kills your red blood cells and gets your body deficiency level nowhere. To control this disorder doctors try their level best by using their ways.

Sickle cell anemia

Basically this type of disorder creates an unusual level of blood shape in a body like it creates an abnormal level of hemoglobin molecules or even become the reason to block your blood flow and blood vessels.

Thalassemia

In the case of thalassemia blood disorders, blood cells haven’t enough way to produce or maintain hemoglobin patient feel a lack of oxygen or in the result, the patient faced the

  • Heart problems
  • Spleen enlarged issue
  • The bone deformities issue
  • And even the delays in children growth and development

Polycythemia vera

Another name of Polycythemia is blood cancer. It simply thickens your blood and slows the progress of your blood flowing. Those who are facing this will also face heart strokes and attacks. Infect there is no actually known cure of this disease. Treatments or medications which doctors do are phlebotomy, or like the removing of blood from veins.

After the red blood cells anemia and its types of blood disorders and the Thalassemia and Polycythemia. Let’s examine a brief view of White blood cells types.

White blood cells blood disorders

Leukemia

Leukemia is also the next name of blood cancer in white cell blood disorder. It can be acute or chronic. Doctors try their level best to medicate a patient.

Lymphoma

Lymphoma also means blood cancer, but it has its own two types. One is Hodgkin’s Lymphoma and second is Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma. In this case, your blood cells change and grow out of control.

Myelodysplastic syndrome

In this type, your body starts to produce so many immature blood cells which is also known as blasts. It multiplies automatically and kicks off the healthy cells. The treatment or like the curing of this disease is that it can be treated so fast or slow as well. Rest most of the times; this leads and converts into the form of Leukemia.

Platelet disorders

This can happen when you faced any serious cut or injury, or those who are having the platelet disorder have one of the three abnormalities.

  • Non-enough platelets
  • Too many platelets
  • Or the platelets that don’t clot mannerly

Apart from this platelets disorder also contains the

  • Von Willebrand disease
  • Hemophilia
  • The primary thrombocythemia disorder
  • Or the acquired platelet function disorders as well.

According to the survey in Canada, it has been declared that the Canadian Hemophilia Association (CHA) has warned to use these mention below drugs as it may lead a person towards the acquired platelet functional disorder.

These drugs are:

  • Antidepressants drugs
  • Aspirin
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Heart drugs
  • Blood thinner drugs
  • Anesthetics
  • Antihistamines

Plasma cell disorders/ the plasma cell myeloma

This is one of the rare blood cancers. Basically it produces, or you can say it develops the plasma cells in bone marrow. Rest this disorder is found in hips, ribs, and spines as well. The plasma cells actually produce the abnormal plasma cells or antibodies which is also known as monoclonal M proteins. The main cause or destruction that these plasma cells can do easily is the thickness of blood and the kidney-damaging. Apart from this, the cause of this plasma cell (myeloma) is unknown.

How can it all be treated?

Well after the long, detailed series of blood cells disorders when it comes about its treatment. So it can be treated according to the patient condition and especially in its illness. Sometimes the doctor feels that your blood disorder is not that much severe so your doctor prescribes you some

  • Medicines
  • Sometimes injections and sometimes tests as well

Like when it comes about medication so anemia deficiencies can be treated easily by talking the

  • Vitamin B supplements
  • Vitamin B 12 supplements
  • Iron supplements
  • Dietary plan/ schedule changes
  • Physical test/ exam
  • Where on the other side, bone marrow can be treated by doing surgeries
  • Rest some time doctors also prefer or need to do chemotherapy
  • Stem cell transplantation
  • Targeted drug therapy
  • And even the radiation therapy
  • Blood transfusions
  • Antifibrinolytic medications
  • Desmopressin
  • Desmopressin
  • Corticosteroids

Despite this, still, the research is on the way where the doctors are trying to find out the other possibilities, causes, and reasons of some unknown blood cell disorders types.

FINAL WORDS

alert

After the above-mentioned details, I hope that you are quite aware about all types of blood cells disorders and its symptoms as well as about its treatment too. Apart from all the medications and treatments what I recommend you all is to focus on your health simply. As well all know that every medicine has its own side effects so why not to focus on the health mannerly instead of taking any medicine or allowing any disease to get you to affect?

Keep in mind that this is us who allows a disease or any infection to counter our body parts if we initially and concentrate focus on our health like we use to do about our work and other stuff then there will be no need to face any harm or harsh infectious diseases.

Hop that this article plays a beneficial role. I try my level best to produce enough information regarding the blood cells and its disorders. In spite of this, if you think, there is something which is missing in this article, or you need to know more about the blood disorders, and its types then feel free to check and visit these recommended links.

https://medlineplus.gov/blooddisorders.html
https://www.britannica.com/science/blood-disease
https://www.msdmanuals.com/home/blood-disorders/symptoms-and-diagnosis-of-blood-disorders/overview-of-blood-disorders
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/322260.php
https://www.hematology.org/Patients/Blood-Disorders.aspx
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